Brazil's Top Incoming Agency on-line. Travel safely with professionals.
Learn About > Country Info > Unesco

Atlantic Forest Southeast Reserves, Brazil Atlantic coast,
states of Parana and Sao Paolo 24° 10' S, 46° 50' W

Inscribed: 1999
Criteria: N (ii) (iii) (iv)
Justification for Inscription:
The Atlantic Forests (Southeast) contain the best and largest remaining examples of Atlantic forest in the southeast region of Brazil. The 25 protected areas that make up the site display the biological richness and evolutionary history of the few remaining areas of Atlantic forest of southeast Brazil. The area is also exceptionally diverse with high numbers of rare and endemic species. With its "mountains to the sea" attitudinal gradient, its estuary, wild rivers, karst and numerous waterfalls, the site also has exceptional scenic values.
Brief description:
The Atlantic Forest Southeast Reserves in the states of Parana and Sao Paolo, contain some of the best and largest examples of Atlantic forest in Brazil. The 25 protected areas that make up the site (some 470,000 ha in total) display the biological wealth and evolutionary history of the last remaining Atlantic Forests. From mountains covered by dense forests, down to wetlands, coastal islands with isolated mountains and dunes, the area comprises a rich natural environment of scenic beauty.

Brasilia, Brazil
Inscribed: 1987
Criteria: C (i) (iv)
Brief description:
Brasilia, a capital created ex nihilo in the centre of the country in 1956, is a landmark in the history of town-planning. Urban planner Lucio Costa and architect Oscar Niemayer intended that everything, from the layout of the residential and administrative districts -often compared with the shape of a bird - to the symmetry in the buildings themselves, should reflect the harmonious design of the city, in which the official buildings are strikingly imaginative.

Congonhas, Brazil
Inscribed: 1985
Criteria: C (i) (iv)
Brief description:
Built in the second half of the 18th century, the sanctuary consists of a church with a sumptuous rococo interior of Italian inspiration, an outdoor stairway decorated with statues of the prophets and seven chapels illustrating the Stations of the Cross, in which polychromed sculptures by Aleijadinho are the showpieces of a highly original, moving and expressive Baroque art.

Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves, Brazil Atlantic Coast,
states of Bahia and Espirito Santo, northeast Brazil, 15° 2' S, 39° 9' W

Inscribed: 1999
Criteria: N (ii) (iv)
Justification for Inscription:
Criterion (ii): The Brazilian Discovery Coast includes a number of areas containing the best and largest remaining examples of Atlantic forest in the northeast region of Brazil and contains high numbers of rare and endemic species.
Criterion (iv): The site displays the biological richness and evolutionary history of the few remaining areas of Atlantic forest of northeast Brazil. The site reveals a pattern of evolution of great interest to science and importance for conservation. The fact that only these few scattered remnants of a once vast forest remain, make them an irreplaceable part of the world's forest heritage.
Brief description:
The Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves in the states of Bahia and Espirito Santo consist of eight separate protected areas containing 112,000 ha of Atlantic forest and associated shrub (restingas). The rainforests of the Atlantic Coast of Brazil are the world's richest in terms of biodiversity. The site contains a distinct range of species with a high level of endemism and reveals a pattern of evolution of great interest to science and of importance for conservation.

Historic Centre of Olinda, Brazil
Inscribed: 1982
Criteria: C (ii) (iv)
Brief description:
Founded in the 16th century by the Portuguese, its history is linked to the sugar cane industry. Rebuilt after its pillage by the Dutch, its essential urban fabric dates from the 18th century. The balance maintained between the buildings, gardens, the twenty Baroque churches, convents and numerous small "passos" (chapels), give Olinda a particular atmosphere.

Historic Town of Ouro Preto, Brazil
Inscribed: 1980
Criteria: C (i) (iii)
Brief description:
Founded at the end of the 17th century, Ouro Preto ("Black Gold"), was the focal point of the gold rush and "Brazil's Golden Age" in the 18th century. With the exhaustion of the gold mines in the 19th century, Ouro Preto's influence declined but many churches, bridges and fountains remain as a testimony to its past prosperity and the exceptional talent of the Baroque sculptor Aleijadinho.

Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina, Brazil, 18° 14' S, 43° 36' W
Inscribed: 1999
Criteria: C (ii) (iv)
Justification for Inscription:
Criterion (ii): Diamantina shows how explorers of the Brazilian territory, diamond prospectors, and representatives of the Crown were able to adapt European models to an American context in the 18th century, thus creating a culture that was faithful to its roots yet completely original.
Criterion (iv): The urban and architectural group of Diamantina, perfectly integrated into a wild landscape, is a fine example of an adventurous spirit combined with a quest for refinement so typical of human nature.
Report of the 23rd Session of the Committee
Brief description:
Diamantina, a colonial village inserted like a jewel in a necklace of inhospitable rocky mountains, illustrates the adventure of diamond prospectors in the 18th century and testifies to human cultural and artistic ascendancy over its living environment.

Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia, Brazil
Inscribed: 1985
Criteria: C (iv) (vi)
Brief description:
As the first capital of Brazil, from 1549 to 1763, Salvador de Bahia witnessed the blending of European, African and Amerindian cultures. It was also the first slave market in the New World, with slaves arriving in 1558 to work on the sugar plantations. The city has managed to preserve many outstanding examples of Renaissance architecture. A special feature of the old town are the bright, polychromed houses which are often decorated with stucco of high quality.

The Historic Centre of São Luis, Brazil
Inscribed: 1997
Criteria: C (iii) (iv) (v)
Brief description:
The late 17th-century core of this historic town, founded by the French and occupied by the Dutch before coming under Portuguese control, preserves its original rectangular street pattern in its entirety. Thanks to a period of economic stagnation in the early 20th century, an exceptional number of high-quality historic buildings have survived, making this an outstanding example of an Iberian colonial town.

Iguaçu National Park, Brazil
Inscribed: 1986 Criteria: N (iii) (iv); Inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger: 1999
Brief description:
The park shares with Iguazu National Park in Argentina one of the world's largest and most impressive waterfalls, extending over some 2,700 metres in length. Many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna are sheltered in the park, among others the giant otter and the giant ant-eater. The clouds of spray produced by the waterfall are conducive to the growth of lush vegetation.

Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis, Argentina / Brazil
Inscribed: 1983, 1984
Criteria: C (iv)
Brief description:
At the heart of a tropical forest, the ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes in Brazil, and those of San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa María la Mayor in Argentina are the striking remains of five Jesuit missions, built in the land of the Guaranis during the 17th and 18th centuries, each one characterized by a specific layout and a different state of conservation.

Serra da Capivara National Park, Brazil
Inscribed: 1991
Criteria: C (iii)
Brief description:
The numerous rock shelters of the Serra da Capivara National Park are decorated with cave paintings, some of which are more than 25,000 years old. They are an exceptional testimony of one of the oldest human communities of South America.


Immigration to Brazil
Immigration to Brazil began when the country opened its ports to "friendly nations" (1808), and gathered momentum in the wake of the Declaration of Independence (1822). Brazil's emperors sought to attract European immigrants to the south of the country by offering them plots of land that they were entitled to work as smallholders. German immigrants were the first to come. They were followed in 1870 by Italians.

Eating in Brazil
In this vast country which is Brazil, we have a rich regional cuisine that is almost impossible to generalize across a land that is coloured by such striking differences. What then, would be a typical menu for a middle-class Brazilian family?

Duty-free Allowances
- USD500 (or equivalent in other currency) worth of goods bought duty-free in Brazil
- 400 cigarettes or 25 cigars
- 250g of tobacco
- 2 litres of alcoholic beverages
- Books and periodicals

Prohibited Goods
- Meat (fresh, dried, canned or otherwise) or meat products
- Diary products (ie milk, eggs, cheese etc)
- Fresh fruit and vegetables
- Plants or parts of plants (ie flowers, seeds, bulbs, stakers, mushrooms, soil etc)
- Animal feedstuffs
- Apicultural products (ie honey, wax etc) or live insects and snails
- Vaccines, viruses, germ cultures, human or animal tissues (ie semen and embroyos) and biological products or materials used in veterinary medicine
- Agricultural defensives (ie pesticides, herbicides etc)
- Birds

Special Notes
- Customs authorities may enforce strict regulations concerning temporary importation or export of items such as firearms, antiquities, tropical plants, medication and business equipment.